Evaluating (Synthesis)


1956 Taxonomy

2001 Taxonomy

2008 Taxonomy


The ability to put parts together to form a whole. This may involve the production of a unique communication (theme or speech), a plan of operations (research proposal), or a set of abstract relations (scheme for classifying information), Learning outcomes in this area stress creative behaviors, with major emphasis on the formulation of ne patterns or structures.

Making judgments based on criteria and standards through checking and critiquing. Set standards, judge using standards, evidence, rubrics, accept or reject on basis of criteria.

Skills Demonstrated

Use old ideas to create new ones, generalize from given facts, relate knowledge from several areas, predict/draw conclusions

Argue, critique, defend, interpret, judge, measure, select, test, verify

Objective Examples

Write a well organized theme, gives a well organized speech, writes a creative short story, proposes a plan for an experiment, integrates learning from different areas in to a plan for solving a problem, formulates a new scheme for classifying objects (or events, or ideas)

Detect inconsistencies or fallacies within a process or product; detect the appropriateness of a procedure for a given task or problem; conduct a debate about an issue of special interest; prepare a case to present your view about… Justify a decision, solution, answer or course of action by developing/constructing and applying standards and criteria.

Possible Products

Paper, speech, short story, project plan

Debate, discussion panel, report, evaluation, investigation, verdict, conclusion, persuasive speech, self-evaluation

Blog, vlog, wiki, twitter,
audio/video conference, new application, film, podcast

Asking questions and structuring tasks: Create, Propose an alternative, Make up, Design, Choreograph, Solve the following, Plan, Choose, State a rule, Formulate a theory, Develop, Predict, How would you test, Imagine, Compose, What if


  • Blog/vlog commenting and reflecting - Constructive criticism and reflective practice is often facilitated by the use of blogs and video blogs (vlog).
    • Bebo – product allows users to share photos with music, and blogs, and draw on members' White Boards.
    • Blogger – Google resource that allow the user to set up an unlimited number of hosted blogs for free. The resources is easy to use and has a built in tutorials.

    • Debategraph - Debategraph helps groups explore, make sense of, and evaluate complex issues in real time across the web -- and decide how to act in response to those issues.
    • Coach's Eye - this app allows the user to record and then annotate/analyze the video using on screen mark-up and voice narration in both standard and slow motion. The tool can be used on a laptop or on a mobile device.
    • Edublogs – free blog hosting service based on Wordpress. Site is dedicated to offering blogs for faculty and students. Site contains a number of teaching techniques for integrating blogs into the learning environment, and they offer classroom and campus wide solutions.
    • Google Docs - online word processor, spreadsheet tolls and presentation editor that allows users to corroboratively create and share instantly.
    • Squidoo - allows users to create a free webpage (lens) about his/her interest or passion. The tool can writers in honing their web writing lens by narrowing down and focusing the content being presented.
    • Sync.in - a web-based word processor that allows users to collaborate in real-time.
    • Wordpress – the software for this blog tool can be downloaded for free and hosted on your own server or hosting service at http://wordpress.org/, or you can free hosted blog at WordPress.com
    • Write board - a sharable cloud-based text editor that retains all edits, an allows edits to be rolled back to previous versions. The tool also allows for the easy comparison of document changes. It can be used by individuals or for group collaboration.
  • Moderating – This is high level evaluation, the moderator must be able to evaluate a posting or comment from a variety of perspectives, assessing its worth, value and appropriateness. Tools that can be used for commenting on, and moderating postings are: discussion boards, forums, blog, wikis, twitter, threaded discussions, bulletin boards, chat rooms.
  • Podcasting – podcasting is a creative process involving several different components. A successful podcast must be planned and scripted. It requires care and preparation to record and construct, and requires learners to plan clear and concise messages using a one way communication mechanism.
  • Posting – posting comments to blogs, discussion boards, threaded discussions. These are increasingly common elements of students' daily practice. Good postings like good comments are not simple one line answers rather they structured and constructed to evaluate the topic or concept.
  • Testing (Alpha and Beta) – Testing of applications, processes and procedures is a key element in the development of any tool. To be effective testers students must have the ability of analyze the purpose of the tool or process, what its correct function should be and what its current function is.
  • Validating – With the wealth of information available to students combined with the lack of authentication of data, students of today and tomorrow must be able to validate the verity of their information sources. To do this they must be able to analyze and evaluate the data sources and make judgments based on these. Key elements of validating the information is reporting the information source, accessing multiple information sources and information types, creating linkages between the information sources and making decisions on the validity of information based on this process.
  • Wikis – Allows learners to show understanding by developing content via paraphrasing and authoring material on a related topic in a wiki environment. The authoring aspect of this type of tool shows application as the learner edits the wiki to a suitable standard.  Click here to learn more about using wikis in teaching.
  • Collaborating and networking – Collaboration is an increasing feature of education. In a world increasingly focused on communication, collaboration, leading to collective intelligence is a key aspect. Effective collaboration involves evaluating the strengths and abilities of the participants and evaluating the contribution they make. Networking is a feature of collaboration, contacting and communicating with relevant person via a network of associates. Some of the techniques that can be utilized to illicit collaborative networking are: panel discussions, group projects, and social networking.
    • Edmodo - Edmodo is a free and private online social platform for instructors and students to share ideas, files, events and assignment s. The site is accessible online and from any mobile device via free smart phone applications. Built on a micro-blogging model and adapted to be used in education, Edmodo allows instructor s to post messages and notes, discuss class topics, give assignments and grade work, share content and materials, and network and exchange ideas with their colleagues. In addition, they can maintain a class calendar , store and share files, have public (RSS) stream, and conduct polls. Edmodo is built around closed group collaboration, which means only students with a course code can join the groups.
    • Facebook - some of the features available with this tool are: discussion boards, instant messaging, email, set up groups and post pictures, video and audio.
    • Google+ - includes may elements of many different applications integrated together to create an online social networking community that can be control the delivery of information through circles of users.
    • Linkedin - provides a series of professional communities that can assist students in developing networks, portfolios and employment leads. The tool also provided professional discussion groups and current business events news feeds.
    • Ning - web based service that allows users to create their own social networks and participate in other networks. Users can determine the site's appearance and functionality, as well as whether the site is public or private. Some features provided are: photo and video uploading/linking, member lists, event calendars, forums and blogs.
    • TWIDDLA - tool allows you to "browse websites in a shared, real-time whiteboard, while marking them up, sharing files and chatting."
    • Twitter - micro-blogging tool that allows users to publish brief text message of between 140-200 characters.
    • VYEW - a browser-based collaboration and conferencing platform that allows users to corroboratively upload and annotate files, take screen captures of their desktop and draw with whiteboard tools.